Till the end of last century, quantum mechanics was considered as a theory only to be demonstrated in certain controlled sophisticated lab setups. However, advancement in fabrication technology and innovative sample design has made it possible to develop devices whose functionality is based on fundamental properties of quantum systems like the principle of superposition and entanglement. These developments have given rise to a revolutionary field of quantum technologies. It’s a technology paradigm which directly utilizes counterintuitive quantum mechanical properties as resources to design and develop devices and systems. Quantum technology is bound to effect communication, cryptography, computation, metrology/sensing and simulations in a major way.

Dr. Ata Ulhaq is an experimental Physicist, who work on growth and study of structures, which exhibit clear quantum character. His work is concentrated on developing specialized light sources using nanoscale structures, which can generate quantum light. Such sources form an essential part of quantum communication and cryptography schemes. Another major stream of his work is optical control of isolated spins in nanoscale structures. Spin is a quintessential quantum entity and solid state devices based on initialization and control of spin are one of the central ingredient of proposed quantum computation, metrology and simulation schemes.

Dr. Ata Ulhaq and Dr Ammar Ahmed Khan has recently built a state-of-the-art NanoQuantum Photonics lab at LUMS. The lab is capable of performing advanced spectroscopic investigations on single nanoscale structures. Current work includes optical sin polarization and quantum light generation in atomically thin two dimensional semiconducting materials. These quantum light sources are being integrated into liquid crystal based devices to form switchable quantum light sources. The lab is also involved in growth of optically efficient colloidal quantum dot systems. Future plans include development of telecommunication technology compatible quantum LEDs.

Title Publication Author Year
Fundamental limits of electron and nuclear spin qubit lifetimes in an isolated self-assembled quantum dot npj Quantum Information 2021
Engineering fibre morphology in self-assembled physical gels of a prototypical discotic liquid crystal Liquid Crystals 2021
Facile synthesis of g-C3N4(0.94)/CeO2(0.05)/Fe3O4(0.01) nanosheets for DFT supported visible photocatalysis of 2-Chlorophenol Scientific Reports 2019
Measurement of the spin temperature of optically cooled nuclei and GaAs hyperfine constants in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum dots Nature Materials 2017
Vanishing electron g factor and long-lived nuclear spin polarization in weakly strained nanohole-filled GaAs/AlGaAs quantum dots Physical Review B 2016
Mollow quintuplets from coherently excited quantum dots Optics Letters 2013
Detuning-dependent Mollow triplet of a coherently-driven single quantum dot Optics Express 2013
Phonon-assisted incoherent excitation of a quantum dot and its emission properties Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2012
Cascaded single-photon emission from the Mollow triplet sidebands of a quantum dot Nature Photonics 2012
Resonance fluorescence emission from single semiconductor quantum dots coupled to high-quality microcavities Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures 2012
Highly indistinguishable photons from a quantum dot in a microcavity Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research 2011
Emission characteristics of a highly correlated system of a quantum dot coupled to two distinct micropillar cavity modes Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2010
Linewidth broadening and emission saturation of a resonantly excited quantum dot monitored via an off-resonant cavity mode Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2010
Non-resonant cavity-quantum dot coupling Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2010
Non-resonant dot-cavity coupling and its potential for resonant single-quantum-dot spectroscopy Nature Photonics 2009
In situ laser microprocessing of single self-assembled quantum dots and optical microcavities Applied Physics Letters 2007
Fabrication and characterization of microdisk resonators with In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots Physica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics 2006